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Screen Printing

Paper Stencil Method is the best method for a beginner. It is the fastest, least expensive, and simplest way to prepare a screen. The Paper Stencil Method is good for geometric shapes and basic patters. It is not intended for complicated designs or lettering. Begin by cutting an illustration from paper. Keep the paper flat and not wrinkled. For more accurate and durable cut paper stencils, use freezer wrap (shiny side up). Designs can be cut with scissors or stencil knife or they can be torn to create a textured appearance.

Stencil Screen Printing is the quickest and easiest way to screen print – going from idea to finished print in as little as 20 minutes. There is no limit to the creativity of stencil art. Henri Matisse was known to use the stencil techniques in the creation of screen printed art.

This kit is reasonably priced and easy to use. Kit includes one each of the following:
8 x 10 screen, Red Baron dual edged squeegee, 4 oz black fabric screen printing ink, X-Acto knife, transparency film and full color step by step instruction sheet.

Screen Filler Method (Direct block-out or “Negative Method”) Using Screen Filler is another simple means of preparing a screen for printing. The screen filler is used to block out those areas that you do not wish to print. This allows the ink to be forced through the screen wherever the Screen Filler has not been applied.

Drawing Fluid – Screen Filler Method (Tusche – resist or “positive method”)


Photographic Emulsion Method you are to use a polyester screen fabric. Nylon will stretch with water-based inks and is not suitable. Do not use silk or organdy if you wish to reclaim the screen.

This is one of the most exciting methods of screen printing because it offers the widest range of possibilities. It makes possible the printing of fine line drawings, various hand and commercial lettering techniques, as well as photographic half-tone positives.

o PRINTING WITH FABRIC INKS For the most part, screen printing on fabric is the same as printing on paper. Use only fabrics that can be subjected to temperatures of at least 275 - 375° F. Do not use on non-porous fabrics such as nylon. Pre-test all fabrics. Fabrics with sizing must be washed prior to printing. This will assure proper adhesion of the fabric ink to the fabric.

 

Five Important Notes for printing with fabric inks:

  1. The screen frame is usually detached from the base and used alone. Usually two (2) people should work on the printing process – one holding the screen frame tightly against the fabric, and the other doing the printing.
  2. On articles like T-shirts, a piece of foamboard, cardboard or paper must be put inside each garment to act as a barrier.
  3. To improve the lubricity (slipperiness) of the ink, you may add the Transparent Base. To slow drying or to prevent screen clogging, add the Retarder Base (1-2 tbs. to 8 oz. of ink).
  4. Wash-up of screens and tools must be done immediately after use. If they are allowed to dry on your screen or tools, they are difficult or impossible to remove.
  5. After the fabric ink dries on the fabric, set a household iron at the highest dry heat (no steam) that will not scorch the fabric and with a cloth or paper between the iron and printed material, iron on each side for 3 – 5 minutes. This will make the ink withstand repeated washings.

IMPORTANT: PRE-TEST SAMPLES PRIOR TO ALL PRODUCTION RUNS. If inadequate wash fastness occurs, the print needs to be heat seat longer.

MULTI-COLOR PRINTING Multi-color signs can be achieved easily by making one screen with the entire message on it. Prepare the screen by any method you prefer. Once the screen is ready, simply block the words you do not want to print with your first color by putting masking tape or paper on the bottom side of the screen fabric.

  • After you have made your first run of prints, wash the ink from the screen and let it dry. Follow this by blocking out the words you just printed and unblocking words you want to print with your second run of color. After you have made this second run, again wash the screen and let it dry. Continue to repeat this process until you have completed your multi-color print.
  • Making multi-color prints of detailed artwork requires the making of a screen for each color to be printed. These screens should be prepared before you start to print. Additional Speedball® frames are available for purchase in many retail locations.
  • One interesting effect can be made by having a two color print on overlapping areas. These overlaps can add a third (darker) value to the print. Speedball® Transparent or Extender Bases are formulated to enable screen printers to achieve this.
  • Registration guides are very important when printing with more than one color. Details on registration guides are given in step A on the “Making Prints” section.


SCREEN CLEAN-UP - An organized work area will make clean up easy. Here are the recommended procedures:

o WATER SOLUBLE INKS
Use warm water and a soft brush. These inks will remain water-soluble even after thorough drying.

o FABRIC and ACRYLIC INKS
Wash IMMEDIATELY after the last print is pulled. Use warm water and a soft brush.

o Should ink dry in the screen; spray with Speed Clean by Speedball® or a house hold window cleaner. Rub with a lint-free cloth. When ink is removed, was with a mix of warm water and dishwasher detergent using a soft brush. Rinse with warm water.

o DRAWING FLUID
Wash with cool water.

 

• SCREEN FILLER
Speedball Speed Clean™ is preferable for removing screen filler, although you may also use Greased Lightning. One (1) cup of Arm & Hammer’s Washing Soda dissolved in one (1) gallon of water is also suitable. Instructions are:

  1. Apply to both sides with paintbrush. Scrub with a nylon bristle brush.
  2. Apply again to both sides. Let stand in a horizontal position for three to five minutes.
  3. Scrub with a nylon bristle brush while spraying with a forceful stream of hot water.

 

• PHOTO EMULSION

  1. Photo Emulsion should be washed out of your screen as soon as your print run is completed – unless you want a permanent stencil.
  2. Adult supervision is recommended for this procedure. Wear rubber gloves and smock.
  3. PHOTO EMULSION REMOVER METHOD: Be certain all the ink has been removed from the screen fabric. Apply Speedball® Photo Emulsion Remover liberally to both sides of the stencil using a paintbrush. Immediately scrub both sides of the stencil with a dry nylon bristle brush. Again, apply Speedball® Photo Emulsion Remover liberally to both sides of the stencil. Keep the screen in a horizontal position for three (3) minutes. Scrub both sides with the nylon bristle brush and flush with a hard spray of hot water. Once you have started removing Photo Emulsion you must not let the screen dry until completely clean.
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    Drawing Fluid

    Drawing Fluid - Screen Filler Method (Tusche – resist or “positive method”)

    Screen Filler Method:

    (Direct block-out or “Negative Method”) Using Screen Filler is another simple means of preparing a screen for printing. The screen filler is used to block out those areas that you do not wish to print. This allows the ink to be forced through the screen wherever the Screen Filler has not been applied.

     

    Clean up - removal:
    Speedball Speed Clean™ is preferable for removing screen filler, although you may also use One (1) cup of Arm & Hammer’s Washing Soda dissolved in one (1) gallon of water is also suitable. Instructions are:

    Apply to both sides with paintbrush. Scrub with a nylon bristle brush.
    Apply again to both sides. Let stand in a horizontal position for three to five minutes.
    Scrub with a nylon bristle brush while spraying with a forceful stream of hot water.
     

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    Hinge Clamps

     Casst aluminum that is durable and rust resistant, features wide-wing thumbscrew for firm fastening to frame, positive locking for perfect registration.

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    Kits

     Speedball offers an incredible selection of kits for every type of screen printer!

    SUPER VALUE Screen Printing Kit - A terrific basic introduction to fabric screen printing!

    BASIC Screen Printing Kit - The easiest and fastest way to create custom screen printing

    Glo 'N' Dark Fabric Screen Printing Kit - Kit features Speedball's Night Glo water-based Phosphorescent fabric inks

    SUPER VALUE Opaque Fabric Screen Printing Kit - Ideal for use on dark colors. A terrific basic introduction to fabric screen printing!

    Fabric Screen Printing Tool Kit - The tools you need to get started in fabric screen-printing, just add your own choice of color inks!

    The Original Screen Printing Kit - Our basic kit for printing craft projects on paper, cardboard or wood

    Deluxe Screen Printing Kit - Deluxe version of our Original Kit for learning how to screen print on paper, cardboard, fabric and wood.

    Ultimate Screen Printing Kit - Designed for the true screen printing enthusiast!

     

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    Mediums

    Mediums include:

    Acrylic Extender Base which is designed to create a transparent color.

    Fabric/Acrylic Transparent Base is designed to create a transparent color for fabric/acrylic inks. Not to exceed 10-15% quality added to the ink.

    Water Soluble Transparent Extender Base is designed to create a transparent color for water soluble inks.

    Fabric/Acrylic Retarder Base slows the drying time of the inks.

    Gloss Overprint Varnish preserves against scuffing, weathering and water when screened over screen printing inks. Non Yellowing, Acrylic Based

     

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    Multi-color Printing

    Multi-color signs can be achieved easily by making one screen with the entire message on it. Prepare the screen by any method you prefer. Once the screen is ready, simply block the words you do not want to print with your first color by putting masking tape or paper on the bottom side of the screen fabric.

    After you have made your first run of prints, wash the ink from the screen and let it dry. Follow this by blocking out the words you just printed and unblocking words you want to print with your second run of color. After you have made this second run, again wash the screen and let it dry. Continue to repeat this process until you have completed your multi-color print.

    Making multi-color prints of detailed artwork requires the making of a screen for each color to be printed. These screens should be prepared before you start to print. Additional Speedball® frames are available for purchase in many retail locations.

    One interesting effect can be made by having a two color print on overlapping areas. These overlaps can add a third (darker) value to the print. Speedball® Transparent or Extender Bases are formulated to enable screen printers to achieve this.

    Registration guides are very important when printing with more than one color. Details on registration guides are given in step A on the “Making Prints” section.
     

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    NEW Ultimate DIAZO Fabric Screen Printing Kit

    This NEW Kit includes all the essentials needed for the photo emulsion screen printing process. This method is one of the most exciting techniques of screen-printing because it offers the widest range of possibilities. This method allows for fine line drawings, various lettering techniques and photographic half-tone positives.

    Kit Includes: two 8.5 in x 11 in transparency film, 10 in x 14 in screen frame, 9 in squeegee, 4 craft sticks, 4 fl oz black, white, red and blue fabric ink, 4 fl oz DIAZO Photo Emulsion, ½ gram DIAZO Sensitizer, 4 fl oz Photo Emulsion Remover, Instructional DVD, Exposure Lamp, 250 Watt Photo Flood Bulb, 9.5 in x 13.75 in black paper, Exposure chart / Instructions.

     ** LIGHT SOURCE INCLUDED**

    Product #: 45059 UPC: 6-51032-45059-4

     

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    Paper Stencil Method

    Paper Stencil Method is the best method for a beginner. It is the fastest, least expensive, and simplest way to prepare a screen. The Paper Stencil Method is good for geometric shapes and basic patters. It is not intended for complicated designs or lettering. Begin by cutting an illustration from paper. Keep the paper flat and not wrinkled. For more accurate and durable cut paper stencils, use freezer wrap (shiny side up). Designs can be cut with scissors or stencil knife or they can be torn to create a textured appearance.

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    Photo Flood Bulb

     Preferable for exposing screens prepared iwth Photo Emulsion. Ideal for fine graphics. Low exposure time!

    Watts: 250W

    Volts: 115 - 120V, 118V

    Amperage: 2.12

    Bulb Life: 3 hours

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    Photographic Emulsion Method

    Photo Emulsion Method you are to use a polyester screen fabric. Nylon will stretch with water-based inks and is not suitable. Do not use silk or organdy if you wish to reclaim the screen.

    This is one of the most exciting methods of screen printing because it offers the widest range of possibilities. It makes possible the printing of fine line drawings, various hand and commercial lettering techniques, as well as photographic half-tone positives.

    TIPS

    1. Photo Emulsion should be washed out of your screen as soon as your print run is completed – unless you want a permanent stencil.
    2. Adult supervision is recommended for this procedure. Wear rubber gloves and smock.
    3. To REMOVE: (NOTE DO NOT APPLY WATER UNTIL EMULSION IS COMPLETELY REMOVED) Apply Speedball® Photo Emulsion Remover liberally to both sides of the stencil using a paintbrush. Immediately scrub both sides of the stencil with a dry nylon bristle brush. Again, apply Speedball® Photo Emulsion Remover liberally to both sides of the stencil. Keep the screen in a horizontal position for three (3) minutes. Scrub both sides with the nylon bristle brush and flush with a hard spray of hot water. Once you have started removing Photo Emulsion you must not let the screen dry or apply water until completely clean. Once the screen is clean and all emulsion has been removed you may then wash the screen out with water.
     

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    Printing Screens

    Smooth, hardwood frame securely fastened together, Screen fabric is cordlocked in grooves and can be tightened or replaced.

     

    8xx Multifilament Screen
    8" x 10
    12" x 18"
    10" x 12"
    16" x 20"
    10" x 14"

    12xx Multifilament Screen
    8" x 10
    12" x 18"
    10" x 12"
    16" x 20"
    10" x 14"
    18" x 24"
    12" x 16"

    110 Monofilament Screen
    8" x 10
    12" x 18"
    10" x 12"
    16" x 20"
    10" x 14"

    Speedball Screen Frames are high quality wood frames that are made with smoothly sanded, acurately mitered and securely fastened corners. 

     

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    Printing with Fabric Inks

    For the most part, screen printing on fabric is the same as printing on paper. Use only fabrics that can be subjected to temperatures of at least 275 - 375° F. Do not use on non-porous fabrics such as nylon. Pre-test all fabrics. Fabrics with sizing must be washed prior to printing. This will assure proper adhesion of the fabric ink to the fabric.

    Five Important Notes for printing with fabric inks:

     

    1. The screen frame is usually detached from the base and used alone. Usually two (2) people should work on the printing process – one holding the screen frame tightly against the fabric, and the other doing the printing.
     

    2. On articles like T-shirts, a piece of foamboard, cardboard or paper must be put inside each garment to act as a barrier.
     

    3. To improve the lubricity (slipperiness) of the ink, you may add the Transparent Base. To slow drying or to prevent screen clogging, add the Retarder Base (1-2 tbs. to 8 oz. of ink).
     

    4. Wash-up of screens and tools must be done immediately after use. If they are allowed to dry on your screen or tools, they are difficult or impossible to remove.
     

    5. After the fabric ink dries on the fabric, set a household iron at the highest dry heat (no steam) that will not scorch the fabric and with a cloth or paper between the iron and printed material, iron on each side for 3 – 5 minutes. This will make the ink withstand repeated washings.

    IMPORTANT: PRE-TEST SAMPLES PRIOR TO ALL PRODUCTION RUNS. If inadequate wash fastness occurs, the print needs to be heat seat longer.
     

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  • Product Image

    Screen Clean-Up

    An organized work area will make clean up easy. Here are the recommended procedures:

    WATER SOLUBLE INKS
    Use warm water and a soft brush. These inks will remain water-soluble even after thorough drying.

    FABRIC and ACRYLIC INKS
    Wash IMMEDIATELY after the last print is pulled. Use warm water and a soft brush.

    Should ink dry in the screen; spray with Speed Clean by Speedball® or a house hold window cleaner. Rub with a lint-free cloth. When ink is removed, was with a mix of warm water and dishwasher detergent using a soft brush. Rinse with warm water.

    DRAWING FLUID
    Wash with cool water.

     

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    Screen Filler Method

    Screen Filler Method (Direct block-out or “Negative Method”) Using Screen Filler is another simple means of preparing a screen for printing. The screen filler is used to block out those areas that you do not wish to print. This allows the ink to be forced through the screen wherever the Screen Filler has not been applied.

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    Screen Printing Inks

    With over 50 years of producing high quality screen printing inks, Speedball fabric screen printing inks have richer colros, greater coverage, smoother workability, softer hand and easier water cleanup!  Our inks will wear as long as the fabric!  *ACMI AP Non-Toxic

    Speedball® Screen Printing Inks:

     

    Fabric & Paper Ink
    19 Brilliant colors including flourescent and process colors for use on cotton, polyester, blens, linen, rayon and other synthetic fibers (NOT for use on nylon). Also works great on paper and cardboard! Washfast when properly heat-set. Non-Flammable, contains no solvents and no offensive smell. AP Non-Toxic conforms to ASTM D-4236. Can be screen printed or pained on with brush. Archival Qualities

    Flourscent Ink
    Inks glow under ultraviolent (UV) light / black light and create noticeable or extra-bright color contrasts - inks look neon under UV light and flourscent lamps.

    Opaque Fabric and Paper Inks
    10 Iridescent opaque colors. Ideal for use on dark fabrics, paper or cardboard (not for use on nylon). Washfast when properly heat-set. Non-flammable, no solvents and no offensive smell. AP non-toxic conforms to ASTM D-4236. Can be screen printed or painted on with a brush and cleans up easily with water. Archival qualities.

    Phosphorescent Fabric Inks
    4 Night-Glo Phosphorescent colors in 8oz. sealed jars - at night ink glows in the dark!

    Permanent Acrylic Paper & Wood Inks
    19 birlliant colors for use on paper, wood and cardboard. Cleans up easily with water. Non-flammable and contains no solvents. AP Non-Toxic conforms to ASTM D-4236. Can be screen printed or painted with a brush. Archival qualities.

    Water Soluble Paper Inks
    10 brilliant colors for use with paperand cardboard. Dries to a smooth, matte finish. Non-flammable, no solvents and no offensive smell. AP Non-Toxic conforms to ASTM D-4236. Can be screen printed on painted on with a brush. Archival Qualities

     

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    Squeegees

    Screen-printing on fabric, paper cardboard or wood. All squeegees have wood handles except where indicated and square edges. Nitrile and Urethane blades are suited for showrter print runs. Urethane blades are firm and impervious to acids, turpentine, thinners and suited for high usage applications.

    Fabric/Craft
    Nitrile Blades 65 Durometer come in sizes: 6", 8", 10", 12", 14"

    Graphic/Craft
    Urethane Blades 75 Durometer come in sizes: 6", 8", 10", 12", 14"
    Neoprene Blades 70 Durometer come in sizes, 8", 10", 12", 14"
    Neoprene Blade 65 Durometer 6"
    Red Plastic Handle Neoprene 70 Durometer 9"
    Beige Plastic Handle Neoprene 65 Durometer 9"

    Graphic/Fabric
    Red Baron Squeegee 9" plastic squeegee, dual edge, fabric and graphic blade, comfortable fingertip grips

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